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A. Zubova assured that the main intention of the campaign of the Russian army is the liberation of the Armenians from the yoke of the Muslims. Having recognized him, Huseyn Quli Khan of Baku informed other Azerbaijani khans about this. But since the Bakins were clear supporters of Russia, the khan had to accept the invitation of V.A. Zubov and on June 13, 1796, arrive at the camp of the Russian troops near Ata-chay, Number 26, 2009

where he was received quite warmly. On June 16, 1796, the khan, together with a detachment of Russian troops led by General Rakhmanov, returned to the city of Baku. With the occupation of the khanates of Northern Azerbaijan, the government of Catherine II intended to annex them to Russia. Count V.A. Zubov was asked to strongly strengthen Baku and make it the main base of the Caspian squadron. “The mentioned city should be fortified, not only from solid land, but also from the sea side with the establishment here, in addition to fortifications, of all the needs for institutions necessary for the admiralty,” Catherine II wrote to him. It was planned to release a large amount of 293 thousand rubles to strengthen Baku. In June 1800, Huseyn Quli Khan of Baku sent his envoy to St. Petersburg. The purpose of the embassy was to ask for the acceptance of the khan into the citizenship of Russia. Adoption under the patronage was formalized by the diploma of the Russian emperor. It did not mean the entry of the khanates into Russia and did not entail any interference in the internal affairs of the khan. Patronage was expressed mainly in the readiness to provide military protection to the khanate against an external attack. In the rescript issued by the tsarist government, it was said that consent was given “… to establish between the aforementioned khan: (meaning the Baku Khanate – A.G. Iskenderov) and the mountain owners for their common peoples’ benefit, reaffirming the alliance … “(46) under the supreme protection of Russia. At the end of the 18th – beginning of the 19th century. Northern Azerbaijan, which is a rich country with various natural resources and has access to the Caspian 59

to the sea, found himself in the center of the diplomatic and military-political intrigues of the Russian empire, which had long dreamed of conquering it. At the beginning of the XIX century. Russia has begun to make its dream come true. The city of Baku was an important strategic and economic point for a long time attracted the attention of Russian officials and the military. Back in the summer of 1805, a Russian landing party led by General Zavalishin, after an unsuccessful attempt to occupy Rasht, approached Baku on August 12. Zavalishin demanded to surrender the fortress, but having received a refusal, from August 15, he began to shell the fortress. On August 22, Russian troops blocked the city, and on August 29, the main points of the khanate were occupied. But the determination of the struggle of the besieged and the fear of an approach to help the Bakuvians from Urmia and Cuba forced Zavalishin to sail to the island of Sara, near Lankaran (47). In early February 1806, the Commander-in-Chief of the South Caucasus, Prince P.D. Tsitsianov, at the head of a large army, reached Baku and joined up with the landing force of Zavalishin. Huseyn Kuli Khan of Baku accepted his demands to surrender the city and agreed with the conditions proposed by Tsitsianov, according to which: all the income of the khanate went to the royal treasury, the khan received a salary of 10 thousand rubles. per year, the city was governed by a special rule and a large garrison with cannons was located here. But when he met Huseyn Kuli Khan, Tsitsianov was killed at the fortress walls by the khan’s cousin, Ibrahim Bek, after which Russian troops withdrew from Baku to about. Sarah, and then to Kizlyar (48). Soon Russian troops again approached Baku. Huseyn Quli Khan of Baku, although he sent a delegation with bread and salt and the keys to the fortress of Baku, he himself, fearing revenge, fled to Iran.

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